Roka, a remote village in Cambodia, has recently suffered a massive outbreak of HIV infection, where as many as 14% of the villagers were believed to be infected. Unsafe injection practices of an unlicensed medic was believed to be the cause of this massive outbreak. What can India learn from this tragic event?
The rise of street-cut, unsanitary preparations of Black Tar Heroin has allegedly reduced HIV transmission but at the cost of higher numbers of fatal, bacterial infections, notably botulism, clusters of which have been regularly identified in California.
Pork, infected with larvae of Trichinella, imported from Spain, has led to an outbreak of Trichinellosis in parts of Belgium. Though the outbreak focus has been identified and preventative measures adopted, this goes to show we have very poor control over how infections spread.
A novel adenovirus potentiates the species jump of Chlamydophila psittaci from birds to man, causing atypical pneumonia (psittacosis). Viruses, in addition to jumping the species barrier themselves, now are helping other bacteria to do the same: is this the beginning of the age of microbes?