A brief summary of the infectious disease outbreaks reported from the state of Kerala between May 2018 and May 2019 by the Integrated Disease Surveillance Program of India. Despite the perception that the Infectious Disease challenge has been adequately met in India, the threat of outbreaks remain. Continue reading Infectious Disease Outbreaks in Kerala: May 2018 – May 2019
As expected, the news of rising numbers of leptospirosis cases are trickling in from Puerto Rico. Since Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico, there have been areas which have experienced over 30 inches of rain, which, subsequently, led to flooding. As has been often observed, following the exposure to potentially contaminated water, the reported number of leptospirosis cases has been on the rise. Leptospirosis is a … Continue reading Leptospirosis Hits Puerto Rico in the Aftermath of Hurricane Maria
According to a report disseminated by the ProMED mail service, a case of cholera has been detected in a refugee camp housing displaced people from Homs. The translated report reads as below: The 1st case of cholera has been recorded in Zogra camp near Jarabulus city (125 km or 78 mi north of Aleppo) at the Syrian-Turkish border, which accommodates people displaced from Homs. A … Continue reading Cholera Case in Syrian Refugee Camp: Ominous Signals
As the news trickles in about the raging cholera outbreak in Yemen, and an emerging outbreak is being dealt with urgently in North-Eastern Nigeria, we are more frequently being confronted with the uncomfortable question of leveraging these situations to conduct clinical research activities. The National Academies of Science, Engineering and Medicine (NASEM) have come out with a report dealing with exactly this quandary. This report, … Continue reading Clinical Research in Times of Ebola… and other Epidemics
Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD) has provided a good example of how some typical difficulties might be faced while enforcing preventive measures in ethnic groups, especially for tribal groups that reside in secluded or forested areas. KFD was first detected in Shimoga, Karnataka, in 1957, and since then has caused sporadic outbreaks limited mainly to forested areas. Interestingly, the virus was first identified when an investigation … Continue reading Kyasanur Forest Disease: Preventing Infections in Ethnic Groups
A novel adenovirus potentiates the species jump of Chlamydophila psittaci from birds to man, causing atypical pneumonia (psittacosis). Viruses, in addition to jumping the species barrier themselves, now are helping other bacteria to do the same: is this the beginning of the age of microbes? Continue reading Novel Psittacine Adenovirus Responsible for Potentiating Zoonotic Psittacosis Outbreak: Emerging Co-Infections
The WHO has come out with a message regarding the potential of sexual transmission of the Ebola Virus. In its statement, titled: “Ebola virus in semen of men who have recovered from Ebola virus disease“, the WHO has categorically stated that though sexual transmission has not been noted, certain precautions need to be adopted by men who are recovering from ebola virus disease. Quoting previous … Continue reading Sexual Transmission of Ebola: Fact or Fear-Mongering?